Under conventional therapy, chronic degenerative diseases have been treated to reduce symptoms without treating the disease as such. Some of these diseases are: degenerative joint disease, type II diabetes, alzheimer and parkinson, among others.
Cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine provide a safe and potentially effective treatment for sports-related musculoskeletal injuries. Regardless of age, a number of patients suffer from muscle and joint injuries due to professional or amateur sports activities, such as muscle strains, rotator cuff strains, tennis elbow and knee injuries. This type of injuries may occur any time and constitute a serious problem due to functional disability and pain. Due to many reasons, as we age, our body loses its natural ability to heal itself. After trauma or injury, the body immediately tries to repair itself, however most of these sports injuries occur in cells or tissues that have very limited regenerative abilities. Stem cell procedures are usually performed under local anesthesia and can be supplemented with mild sedation according to the patient’s condition. Most of these procedures are ambulatory, meaning that patients are usually discharged the same day. Stem cells are usually injected directly into targeted areas.
Erectile dysfunction is a repeated inability to get or maintain a firm erection to complete sexual intercourse in older men. Erectile dysfunction usually has a physiological cause, such as illness or side effects of other medications or disorders that impair nerves or interfere with blood flow to the penis. The usefulness of stem cells in medicine and platelet-rich plasma continues to rise, and are currently being used for this treatment in many research centers worldwide. This new discovery is changing the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Freshly isolated stem cells are injected in several areas of the cavernous body of penis in order to induce smooth muscle regeneration, neuronal regeneration, and endothelial function restoration.
Diabetes refers to a condition in which the body cannot produce insulin hormone or the body cells are resistant to its effects. In type I diabetes, your pancreas does not produce enough insulin to keep blood sugar within its required range. In type II diabetes, insulin production is abnormal, and the cells of the body cannot properly use the hormone to regulate blood sugar. Studies in Canada and the United States found that when stem cells were injected into the bloodstream of diabetic mice, they found their way to the damaged pancreas, where they could promote the growth of new cells. Diabetes symptoms were reverted two weeks after the mice received injections of bone marrow stem cells. Their high blood sugar levels were reduced to almost normal values and insulin levels increased. Even more interesting is that cell growth was not produced by the injected cells but the injected stem cells triggered the production of cells in the pancreas of the receptor.
Parkinson’s disease: a chronic, progressive disease of the central nervous system, which involves the loss of nerve cells that reside in the brain, which produce a chemical called dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that allows messages to be transmitted to the part of the brain that helps control and coordinate muscle movement. Parkinson’s symptoms appear when about 80% of dopamine-producing cells, have been lost. For this reason, people are not usually diagnosed until after age 55. The stem cell therapy is very promising because this disease is clearly related to the failure of a specific cell type when doing their work. It has been shown in both animal tests and clinical practice, that when dopamine is reintroduced into the central nervous system, symptoms diminish or reverse. Therefore, if stem cells can be induced to become dopamine neurons, either before or after transplantation into the brain, a complete recovery of cell function is theoretically possible.