Brain stereotactic radiosurgery is an advanced procedure that is applied in tumors, brain metastases, arteriovenous malformations or painful syndromes. This is a very sophisticated and advanced technique that concentrates high doses of radiation and focuses them very accurately on the site of injury to destroy it, without the need to use a scalpel, without the use of anesthesia, without causing pain. It is an ambulatory procedure that preserves adjacent healthy tissues without complications. Radiosurgery is a departure from traditional operating rooms and leads to a pain-free scenario, incisions, anesthesia and recovery, a paradigm shift in classical neurosurgery, a true innovative idea.
Intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery is increasingly becoming a first-line option for the treatment of high or low grade brain tumors. It is also the most effective way to treat brain metastases, which often cause multiple tumor lesions in different anatomical areas in the brain. It is also an effective, convenient and comfortable alternative as it involves up to 5 sessions of radiation, for 5 consecutive days, with an average duration of 30 minutes each.
The treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVM) is complex and includes different therapies that must be often applied in a complementary manner. Radiosurgery has proved over the past 20 years as an effective solution to close (obliterate) medium and small AVMs. Advances in medical imaging and information technology have allowed the application of this technique with great precision and efficiency. In particular, intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery allows the application of a very high dose of radiation in a single session on a very specific brain volume, with no harm to the peripheral tissue. With this technique, it is possible to radiate irregular volumes by making multiple shots or radiation applications in the same session.
Centro Internacional de Cáncer at Hospital de Diagnóstico in El Salvador uses Infini™, a rotary gamma rays equipment; the latest neurosurgical technology worldwide, the first equipment of its kind in the Americas and entirely dedicated to intracranial radiosurgery, promising unprecedented accuracy and efficiency.