Gastric adenocarcinoma (cancerous gastric tumor) is characterized by the presence of malignant cell growth in the gastric mucosa, and worldwide is considered a major cause of death, and is twice as high in men as in women.
Risk factors are linked with family background, patients with type A blood; diets rich in salt, smoked and poorly preserved foods rich in nitrates and nitrites, smokers; and patients with Helicobacter pylori infections.
Surgical resection is the only treatment that can prolong survival and cure the condition. Depending on the location, partial or total removal of the stomach should be considered. Normal intestinal transit is restored by joining the esophagus to the small intestine for total gastrectomy cases, or by joining the proximal stomach to the small intestine in partial gastrectomy cases. Chemotherapy is indicated and surgery is performed under general anesthesia. Requires at least five days of hospitalization, recovery and diet restoration is progressive.