The umbilical hernia is a bulge of fat covering the intestines or intra-abdominal organs that pushes through the navel scar. It is very common in children, adults and pregnant women. Children under the age of 5 and pregnant women should not be operated; if symptoms are present in the latter, they usually resolve after delivery.
Among the main risk factors are overweight, genetic alterations in connective tissue, infection, previous trauma surgeries. Laparoscopic surgery is an outpatient procedure under local or regional anesthesia (spinal). It is performed with a small incision at one edge of the umbilicus, the hernial sac is dissected and the wall defect is repaired with suture in special points. If the hernia is large, a piece of mesh is placed to reinforce the repair. Recovery is quick with little pain.