Angina pectoris is the partial obstruction of the coronary arteries due to lack of oxygen. It can occur when the heart is forced to work harder and the body is unable to increase the blood flow to that organ, and the heart nerves transmit urgent pain signals to the brain. Angina pectoris is very common in men after the age of 30 and in women at a later age. The cause is atherosclerosis in most cases.
Angina is a symptom, not a disease. It is a direct result of the lack of blood in the heart muscle, which is known as ischemia. Unlike a myocardial infarction (heart muscle), an angina is due to temporary lack of oxygen and partially blocked blood vessels (coronary arteries). Infarction causes necrosis (death) of the myocardial cells and the coronary arteries are completely blocked.
It is a device whose purpose is to help regulate the heartbeat in patients with an altered heart rate regulation system. It consists of an electrical pulse generator and a cable that connects the pulse generator to the heart. The pacemaker is normally implanted in the chest, under the skin, making a 5-8 cm. incision, and the cable is inserted into a vein that passes through the area. The operation is performed under local anesthesia; antibiotics are usually prescribed to prevent any infection and it may be necessary to inject radiological contrast media to see the path and size of the veins.
Preventive cardiovascular screening is a comprehensive and personalized assessment to detect cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol) or asymptomatic cardiovascular diseases, with the aim of reducing and preventing cardiovascular risk: myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, etc.
The objectives of the Preventive Cardiovascular Checkup are to:
Promote healthy lifestyles.
Identify cardiovascular risk factors.
Develop an individual plan to detect modifiable risk factors.
Reduce the risk of a cardiovascular event.