It studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the gums, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone and implants. The main periodontal disease is periodontitis (where the destruction of the bone supporting the tooth occurs) and gingivitis (it is usually a bacterial oral disease that causes gum inflammation and bleeding caused by food pieces that get stuck between the teeth). A periodontal treatment includes both, correcting the hygiene technique for controlling dental plaque and eliminating its triggers (dental calculus or tartar and periodontal pockets).
Are used to eliminate gingivitis which is inflammation of the gingival tissue that can affect the teeth and bones to which they are attached. Plaque, acids and certain foods contribute to the development of gingivitis. There are two methods to reverse the disease: tooth scaling and root planing.
Scaling can be done manually and with the use of ultrasound instruments. The procedure begins with a thorough examination of your mouth. Then the dentist uses a device that removes plaque by vibration. This device removes tartar (calculus), plaque and bacterial film on the surface of the teeth and under the gum line. Then, the dentist can use hand tools to remove the debris that has remained on the surface of the tooth or below the gum line.
Root planing involves careful scraping of the tooth root in order to reduce inflammation. The dentist performs the scaling procedure to smooth uneven areas and prevent the growth of plaque and bacterial film.
The crown lengthening procedure is indicated when patients have a high lip line; that is, a large amount of gum is exposed due to insufficient clinical crown. It is also indicated when we need to restore a lost tooth structure due to fracture, tooth decay or occlusal wear; then, we must evaluate the amount of healthy supracrestal tooth tissue where we will bring the margin of our future restoration. It is always advisable that the restoration margins never invade the biological width.
3. Gum Grafting:
Is a procedure that covers the tooth root that has been overexposed due to several factors, especially by poor brushing which aesthetically worsens the smile, but also due to a health problem. Gum grafting restores natural gum protection against dental plaque and bacteria, thus improving dental health. A very small piece of palatal tissue is taken from the patient and the gum graft is made in the area with receding gums. The patient’s recovery is quick and the results are very good.
Periodontal disease is one of the most important complications that may arise in relation to dental health, because it directly affects the root of the tooth and may bring dangerous consequences to other organs. It is an infection that is caused by a cavity that has not been properly treated and spreads through the tooth and penetrates to the very root, damaging the gum that covers it. The purpose of periodontal surgery is to treat bone deformities resulting from bone loss caused by periodontal disease. This is accomplished by eliminating inflammation, infection control in the periodontal pockets of diseased tissue, regeneration of the affected area and reconstruction of the periodontal connection between the teeth and the gums to maintain an aesthetic effect.
A sinus lift is a surgical procedure that raises the membrane on the floor of the sinus to create a space that can be filled with enough bone to support rear-upper-jaw dental implants. The bone is added between the jaw and the maxillary sinuses, which are located on both sides of the nose. Sinus lifts are performed on patients who need dental implants, but do not have enough bone to support them.
Types Of Sinus Lifts
There are two main techniques for performing sinus lifts: the lateral window technique (LWT) and the osteotome (vertical) technique.