It is the branch of dentistry that is responsible for restoring the function, anatomy, phonation (voice) and altered aesthetics of the oral cavity (the set of organs and tissues that allow to eat, speak, pronounce, chew, swallow, breath, kiss or suction ) due to the loss of one or more teeth. These prostheses can be fixed prosthesis as a bridge or removable dentures or partial or complete dentures, whether they comprise a limited number of teeth or an entire dental arch, respectively.
Are used to repair damaged teeth by decay and restore their normal function and shape. When the dentist performs a filling or removes the decayed tooth material, he cleans first the affected area, then fills the cavity with a filling material that may be gold, porcelain, composite resin (restores the color of the tooth) and amalgam (mercury, silver, copper, tin and sometimes zinc allow).
2. Mouth Guard:
Also known as occlusal splint is a removable device that is worn at night to protect teeth from damage caused by teeth grinding. They are prescribed by a dentist when tooth damage is detected since it may lead to more serious problems, such as severe headaches, TMJ and significant damage to the teeth and gums. The occlusal splint is made to fit comfortably to the patient’s teeth. The device is made of clear acrylic resin with slightly marked edges. In most cases, patients only use the guard its their upper teeth. However in extreme wear cases, the upper and lower part may be required.
Dental crowns are used to protect a damaged tooth (broken, worn or post-root canal treatment) and crowns together as porcelain bridges allow to aesthetically rehabilitate areas with missing teeth. They are used to restore the patient aesthetics smile, when a tooth structure is largely destroyed or when we want to rehabilitate (without implants) a smile with missing teeth. A weakened tooth by endodontic treatment can be strengthened by covering the outside of the entire tooth.