It is one of the health sciences that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the stomatognathic system (the set of organs and tissues that allow us to eat, speak, pronounce, chew, swallow, breath, kiss or suction), which includes the teeth, periodontium (the live part of the tooth, that is, tissues that surround and support the teeth, gums, dental cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone), temporomandibular joint (articulation between the temporal bone and the jaw) and the neuromuscular system. And all structures of the oral cavity and tongue, palate, oral mucosa, salivary glands and other anatomical structures involved such as lips, tonsils, and oropharynx.
It is the branch of dentistry that is responsible for restoring the function, anatomy, phonation (voice) and altered aesthetics of the oral cavity (the set of organs and tissues that allow to eat, speak, pronounce, chew, swallow, breath, kiss or suction ) due to the loss of one or more teeth. These prostheses can be fixed prosthesis as a bridge or removable dentures or partial or complete dentures, whether they comprise a limited number of teeth or an entire dental arch, respectively.
Dental Aesthetics is a very useful for troubleshooting both inherited and acquired over time tool. With cosmetic dentistry procedures can replace missing teeth, repair fractured teeth, align and recontouring smile, removing blemishes and generally improve the appearance of teeth.
It studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the gums, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone and implants. The main periodontal disease is periodontitis (where the destruction of the bone supporting the tooth occurs) and gingivitis (it is usually a bacterial oral disease that causes gum inflammation and bleeding caused by food pieces that get stuck between the teeth). A periodontal treatment includes both, correcting the hygiene technique for controlling dental plaque and eliminating its triggers (dental calculus or tartar and periodontal pockets).
It involves removal of the tooth pulp, a small strand-like tissue located in the center of the tooth canal. Once the pulp gets damaged or dies, it is extracted; and the remaining space is cleaned, reshaped and filled. This procedure seals the root canal. The most common causes of pulp injury or death are: fractured teeth, deep decay, severe injuries blows to the root (recent or past).
Maxillofacial Surgery is a specialization that treats conditions, defects, injuries, and aesthetic aspects of the mouth, teeth, jaw, and face. It specializes in the care of patients suffering from wisdom teeth problems (wisdom tooth removal), facial pain, temporomandibular joint and maxilla and/or jaw asymmetries.
They treat facial injuries offering reconstructive surgery and grafting as well as dedicated care and treatment to patients who are suffering from jaw tumors and cysts, functional and aesthetic conditions of maxillofacial areas.