Is the branch of internal medicine that deals with diseases of the heart and circulatory system. This medical specialty includes interventional cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons.
Cardiology is the branch of medicine devoted to the study of the heart and circulatory system. It is a subspecialty of internal medicine where the medical specialist receives training in the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the heart through catheters, to be able to identify patients who require interventional or surgical treatment.
Unlike surgery that requires an incision to open up the chest and expose the heart, interventional procedures are considered minimally invasive surgeries where a catheter is inserted into the heart through an artery in the leg or arm, to carry out the therapeutic procedure.
Interventional procedures through catheters are performed to treat atherosclerosis, diseases of the heart valves, congenital heart disease, and peripheral artery diseases (aorta, carotid arteries, lower extremity arteries, renal arteries.)
Deals with the treatment of disorders and diseases of the
cardiovascular system that require surgical treatment, such as artery disease, acute and chronic ischemia, aneurysm, varicose veins, among others. It intends to solve or improve heart diseases which cannot be treated with drugs or minor interventions such as catheterization, stents, etc. The objective is to reduce the extent and severity of the symptoms and improve the quality of life of patients.